لطفا به این شش دقیقه صوت گوش نموده و همزمان متن زیر را مرور نمایید ، هر بخش را که متوجه نشدید صورت را متوقف نموده و یا به عقب برگردانید
به خاطر داشته باشید این صوت مربوط به سطح متوسط می باشد و احتمالا برای سطح ابتدایی کمی دشوار است
Jackie: Hello, this is 6 minute English with bbclearningenglish.com. I’m Jackie Dalton,
speaking to you from the streets of Dhaka, the Bangladeshi capital. With me
today is our producer in Bangladesh, Senjuti Masud. Hello Senjuti!
Jackie: There’s a reason why we’re out in the streets today, if you listen to the sounds
going on around us, you’ll get a clue as to what today’s programme is about.
Senjuti, today’s topic was your idea… can you tell us what it is?
Senjuti: Yes, traffic.
Jackie: Right, and when I asked you… ‘Let’s make a programme about Dhaka – what
shall we make it about?’ Why was traffic the first thing that came to your mind?
Jackie: Because there is so much traffic out here and it’s so noisy, why don’t we go
inside so we can hear each other speak!
Ah, that’s better. Before we continue, I have a question for you: many cities in
the world have introduced a ‘congestion charge’, which is when you have to
pay to drive your car into the city center. But which of these cities does NOT
have a congestion charge?
Senjuti: I think it’s Singapore
Jackie: Well, we’ll find out if you were correct at the end of the programme. But now,
let’s look at some traffic related vocabulary. I like to use bad traffic as an
excuse when I come in late to the office in the mornings. So I might say
something like ‘Ah, I’m sorry, I was stuck in traffic!’
Senjuti: Yes, and an expression we often hear related to traffic is a ‘traffic jam’. So
you could say, ‘There was a really bad traffic jam!’
Jackie: Yes, a traffic jam. There are lots of traffic jams in Dhaka. You could also say
there’s ‘really heavy traffic’ in Dhaka – heavy traffic – lots of vehicles on the
road. What other words come to mind when you think about traffic?
Senjuti: One word we might hear is chaos – when everything is crazy!
Jackie: Ah yes, chaos, everything is crazy and disorganized… it’s chaos on the roads at
the moment! I think it takes me about half an hour to get to work in the
Senjuti: Yes, it can quite boring…and that made me wonder: in Dhaka we spend so
much time sitting in traffic jams – what do people do so they don’t get bored?
Jackie: OK, let’s have a listen. As you listen try to answer this question: what kinds of
things do people do so they don’t get bored in traffic?
Girl 1: I might play with my cell phone, maybe games or rechecking my inbox or may
be calling someone and chatting with them… with friends
Man 1: We just wait for the traffic to get clear… and… listen to some CDs that we
have in our car.
Jackie: OK, so what did we have there?
Senjuti: Well, the girl says she plays with her cell phone. For example, she might play
games. And sometimes she chats to friends on the phone.
Jackie: And the man says he just waits for the traffic to clear and maybe listens to CDs
Senjuti: But one girl we spoke to just gets cross. Who does she get cross with? Listen
to find out.
Girl 2: Well actually when I am stuck in the traffic, I don’t really think of anything,
just that I get mad…. I keep on thinking that… government …they are not
actually taking much care to, you know, solve this problem. And that’s why the
traffic is increasing every single day.
Jackie: She gets cross with the government because she thinks the government isn’t
doing enough to sort out the traffic. Senjuti, she used the word ‘mad’ there,
which is American English for angry – to get mad. What other emotion words
might we associate with being stuck in traffic?
Jackie: Frustration, to be frustrated. To be annoyed, usually because you can’t achieve
something you that you want to achieve. Or things aren’t going to plan.
Senjuti: I find being in traffic tedious.
Jackie: Tedious – another good word – very boring – tedious. So Senjuti what do you
do in traffic jams to try to make them a bit less tedious?
Jackie: Well it’s nearly time for the end of the programme, let’s see if you got the
correct answer to the question at the beginning…
That’s all for this week, but do join us again for more 6 minute English.