لطفا به این شش دقیقه صوت گوش نموده و همزمان متن زیر را مرور نمایید ، هر بخش را که متوجه نشدید صورت را متوقف نموده و یا به عقب برگردانید
به خاطر داشته باشید این صوت مربوط به سطح متوسط می باشد و احتمالا برای سطح ابتدایی کمی دشوار است
Yvonne: Hi, this is ‘6 minute English’ and I’m Yvonne Archer…
Callum: I’m Callum Robertson. Hello!
Yvonne: Hello Callum! In this week’s programme, English words that are often
‘mispronounced’. Callum – can you explain ‘mispronounced’ for us?
Callum: Certainly. If you MIS-PRO-NONCE… if you ‘mispronounce’ a word, you
don’t say it correctly. You get some of the sounds wrong in that word.
Yvonne: Very good. And is there a word that you often mispronounce, Callum?
Callum: Umm – not really.
Yvonne: I didn’t think so – so I’ve got three difficult ones here for you! But, before you
read them out, any thoughts?
Callum: Well, looking at these words on paper, I think there’s a good chance that some
people would mispronounce them. Yeah.
Yvonne: And that’s why you’re saying them instead of me! So, off you go…
Callum: Okay, the words are: regularly…ethnicity…and anaesthetist. Whew!
Yvonne: Yeah, but you said them slowly, Callum. Yeah, that was tough. But there are
three thousand other Brits who also agree that those words are difficult to say.
They were recently questioned by a company called Spinvox and the research
showed that ‘regularly’, ‘ethnicity’ and ‘anaesthetist’ – ooh, I said it – are some
of the most mispronounced words in the English language. Now before we
hear more about that research, I’ve a question for you, Callum: How many
sounds do experts say we need to be able to pronounce – so that we can speak
English clearly? Is it:
b) 104 – or 400?
Callum: Well, I’m fairly confident on this as I’ve just made a series on pronunciation. In
British English, there’s generally about forty-four sounds that are needed to
pronounce English words. So, about forty-four – there’s maybe a few more –
but forty-four; that’s my answer.
Yvonne: Well, I’m not telling you! You’ll have to wait until the end of the programme.
Now as we hear an extract from the BBC’s Today programme on the most
mispronounced words in English, try to foind – whew – I can’t pronounce
‘try…’ – try to find out which word was the most mispronounced…
THE TODAY PROGRAMME
If you find ‘statistics’ and ‘ethnicity’ difficult to pronounce, it appears you’re not alone. The
Daily Mail says they’re among the top ten most troublesome words in the English language.
Researchers who questioned three thousand people found that the most mispronounced word
was ‘phenomenon’ followed by ‘anaesthetist’ (anaesthetist) and ‘remuneration’.
Yvonne: Callum, which word was the most troublesome – the most difficult to
Callum: Well, that was ‘phenomenon’… phenomenon.
Yvonne: Phenomenon… phenomenon… Yep, I have to say that I have to take that one
really slowly – and just looking at it on paper makes me nervous. So why do
you think so many of us get it wrong, Callum?
Callum: Well of course, when we get nervous, we generally make more mistakes. But
here, it’s the mixture of the particular sounds that are in words – that’s what
causes the problems. So having the ‘m’ and ‘n’ sounds – the ‘mmm’ and ‘nnnn’ in
‘phenomenon’ – having so many of them so close together – that makes it a
difficult word to pronounce.
Yvonne: Hmmm – and what about ‘anaesthetist’?
Callum: Well ‘anaesthetist’ – it contains an odd mixture of ‘t’ and ‘th’ sounds – there’s
also an ‘s’ in there as well before that group of consonants and that also makes
things difficult to pronounce.
Yvonne: Oh dear, it certainly is!
Now the newspaper that published those research results describes such words
as ‘tongue twisters’. But I wouldn’t call them tongue-twisters really, would you
Callum: Umm – not really, no – because ‘tongue twisters’ are generally a sentence or an
expression that is very difficult to say quickly and repeat again and again and
Yvonne: Well, I’m feeling really mean today, Callum. Go on – give us an example – and
don’t – say – it – slowly!
Callum Okay – try this one and a very famous one is: “Peter Piper picked a peck of
Yvonne: …Cor – that was pretty good, wasn’t it?! Of course, but we don’t have to say
tongue twisters in life – but we usually do have to use words like umm, what –
ummm – ‘statistics’ or ‘February’. I can’t even say it myself – ‘February’.
Callum: Well yes. It is difficult to get through life without saying words like ‘February’.
Yvonne: But the research shows that many of us try to do just that. We don’t want to
feel embarrassed when we mispronounce those words so we just avoid them.
And that’s a really bad example for learners, isn’t it?
Callum: Well, I don’t know about that. It’s something natural that native speakers do.
That…you know, if you’re not sure how to pronounce a word, choose another
word…or… And I do the same in writing in spelling; if there’s a word I’m not
sure how to spell, my spelling isn’t, you know, perfect – sometimes I will rewrite
to avoid using that word. So, as in anything, pronunciation does only get
better with practise so don’t worry about it!
Yvonne: Just go for it. Okay, now for the answer to our question: How many sounds do
experts say we need to be able to pronounce – so that we can speak English
clearly? Is it: a) 44, b) 104 or c) 400?
Callum: Well, as I said, forty-four; I’m fairly confident that it’s forty-four or thereabouts.
Yvonne: Ah, you knew it all the time, Callum. Well, that’s all we’ve got time for today.
Join us again for more ‘6 minute English’.