لطفا به این شش دقیقه صوت گوش نموده و همزمان متن زیر را مرور نمایید ، هر بخش را که متوجه نشدید صورت را متوقف نموده و یا به عقب برگردانید
به خاطر داشته باشید این صوت مربوط به سطح متوسط می باشد و احتمالا برای سطح ابتدایی کمی دشوار است
Yvonne: Hello, I’m Yvonne Archer and this is ‘6 minute English’ – and thanks to
William Kremer for joining me today.
William: Hello – it’s a pleasure!
Yvonne: For fifty-two years, the Times BFI – British Film Institute’s London Film
Festival has shown the best new films from around the world. And for the first
time, the BFM International Film Festival has also been based at the BFI.
William, do you know about the BFM Festival?
William: Umm – I know that it’s the Black Film Makers’ International Film Festival.
Yvonne: That’s right and to celebrate its tenth anniversary, the emphasis of the 2008
BFM has been on films made by Black people – who are based here in Britain.
Well, I was lucky enough to get an invitation to the BFM Shorts Awards – but
before we find out which short film won the award and about the idea behind
this festival – I’ve a question for you. Yes, are you readyWilliam?
Yvonne: How long is the shortest film that was ever made? Was it
a) one second
b) one minute OR
c) five minutes
William: I’m gonna go for a) – one second because even though that sounds too short,
sounds very silly, I think the silly answers are usually correct. That’s my tactic
so I’m gonna go for one second.
Yvonne: … And we’ll find out whether William was right or wrong later on. Now in
today’s interview we’ll come across the word ‘stereotyped’. William, what does
William: Well if someone is ‘stereotyped’, other people who don’t know them have a
very strong, fixed idea about how they will behave. They’re ‘stereotyped’
perhaps because of the country they come from, or (from) the colour of their
skin or their religion, for example.
Yvonne: And what are ‘platforms for expression’?
William: ‘Platforms for expression’ in this case, refers to ways and places that artistic
people can use to share their work and messages. So for example, a cinema
screen or a novel are ‘platforms for expression’.
Yvonne: Great! Now as we hear from Nadia Denton, the Director of the BFM
International Film Festival, try to catch the verb she uses to mean ‘highlight’ or
‘to draw attention to’. I asked Nadia: why is there a separate section for Black
film makers within the London Film Festival each year?
Because it’s important for us to showcase the stories of groups and communities which
otherwise would go unnoticed, which don’t get the correct representation in the mainstream,
who perhaps are stereotyped, who perhaps don’t have many other platforms for expression.
Yvonne: William, which verb did Nadia use to mean ‘to highlight’ or ‘to draw attention
William: ‘To showcase’ – Nadia explained that it’s important ‘to showcase’ the stories of
communities and groups which we don’t usually see or hear.
Yvonne: So the BFM Festival is a chance for people who are often stereotyped and not
considered or noticed by mainstream cinema to have their work seen.
Now at the BFM Shorts Awards, we saw five new films and voted for the best
one. And the winner was “Win, Lose or Draw” directed by Lawrence Coke. It
was a wonderful blend of story-telling and interviews with Caribbean people
who’d arrived in Britain from the 1950s, like my own father. And after the
awards, Lawrence explained just how important making the film had been to
The whole thing was a very cathartic experience on one level because, I always say that the
young people of today don’t understand that they’re standing on the shoulders of giants.
Yvonne: Making “Win, Lose or Draw” was very ‘cathartic’ for Lawrence – it allowed
him to express some really deep emotions. But it was cathartic for many of us
in the audience too – and educational.
William: And hopefully lots of young people will see the film because Lawrence sees it
as a way to help them understand that they and their parents are an important
part of Britain’s history.
Yvonne: Yes – and Lawrence describes our grandparents and parents as ‘giants’. Their
lives were really difficult but they still tried to help England and make things
easy for us and their families back in the Caribbean.
They were children themselves and they came over to help the mother country because they
felt it was the right thing to do – leaving children behind, wives, and… I just…I’m in awe of
William: Yes, they were an awesome- amazing group of young people.
Yvonne: They certainly were. My father travelled to England – at the time, known by
Caribbean people as ‘the mother country’ – and he came here at the age of
twenty-one. And like many others from the Caribbean, my father simply
wanted to work hard and earn money. He wanted his parents to have what they
needed and he especially wanted his younger brothers and sisters to go to
William: So education was really important to them.
Yvonne: Definitely because most of them left school and started work when they were
fourteen years old. But now, it’s time for you to educate us, William!
William: Surely not!
Yvonne: Yes!What was your answer to today’s question: how long is the shortest film
that was ever made?
William: I went for the silly one which was one second.
Yvonne: And you were correct to be silly because you were absolutely right! Anyway,
that’s all for today’s “6 Minute English” from BBC Learning English. Join us
again for more next time.