لطفا به این شش دقیقه صوت گوش نموده و همزمان متن زیر را مرور نمایید ، هر بخش را که متوجه نشدید صورت را متوقف نموده و یا به عقب برگردانید
به خاطر داشته باشید این صوت مربوط به سطح متوسط می باشد و احتمالا برای سطح ابتدایی کمی دشوار است
Yvonne: Hello, I’m Yvonne Archer and this is “6 minute English”. And with me today
is Callum Robertson. Hello Callum!
Callum: Hello Yvonne.
Yvonne: Now today’s topic is about an extraordinary document which has been kept
secret for more than thirty years but it’s now been made public. It’s been kept
in a place where other documents and records are kept about Britain’s history
and that place is called the National Archives. But before we find out more
about this extraordinary document, I’ve got a big question for Callum and it’s
about the British National Archives. Callum, when were they started? Was it
a) 800 years ago
b) 850 years ago – or
c) 900 years ago
Callum: I haven’t got a clue really so I’m just going to guess at 850 years ago.
Yvonne: Right, whichever answer is right, it was a long time ago! We’ll find out later
Now during the 1970s, the British government felt that a nuclear attack was a
Callum: Yeah, I’m old enough to remember those times – the times of the Cold War. It
was quite a scary time when you look back on it now.
Yvonne: Hmmm. The government got together with the BBC and wrote a secret script.
It was to be recorded and broadcast every two hours if there was a nuclear
Callum: Now that must have been a very difficult script to write.
Yvonne: Exactly, but that’s what the BBC and the government had to do. And when it
was written, it was hidden away in the National Archives ready for use. But
recently, the script was ‘declassified’. Callum, why don’t you explain that for us?
Callum: Well if there’s a document which is meant to be secret, then it’s ‘classified’. It’s
given a classification like ‘Top Secret’ and only a few people can see it. But
when it becomes public – after thirty years in Britain, these documents can be
made public – we say it’s been ‘declassified’. So a ‘declassified’ document is a
document that used to be secret, you couldn’t see it, but now, everyone can see
Yvonne: Now before we find out what was in that nuclear script, let’s look at some of
the language that we’ll come across. Callum, people get confused by the word
Callum: Well the word ‘casualties’ is a noun and it’s to talk about not just the number of
people who are killed, but are also killed or injured in an accident or a war.
Yvonne: Thanks, Callum. Now as we listen to a reading of part of that declassified
nuclear script, try to find out what three things the script was asking people to
FROM A REPORT BYMARK SANDERS
This is the Wartime Broadcasting Service. This country has been attacked with nuclear
weapons. Communications have been severely disrupted, and the number of casualties and the
extent of the damage are not yet known. Stay tuned to this wavelength, stay calm and stay in
your own homes.
Yvonne: Oooh, that makes me feel really cold.
Callum: It’s definitely quite chilling to listen to that as though a nuclear attack has
Yvonne: So what three things did the script ask everyone to do, Callum?
Callum: Well, it told people to ‘stay tuned’ which means, don’t change your radio
channel, keep listening to this one for news and information. It told people to
‘stay calm’ – because of course, panicking in an emergency isn’t useful. And
finally, the script asked everyone to stay at home – don’t go outside.
Yvonne: Thanks, Callum.
Now the government and the BBC discussed what should go into the secret
script from 1972 to 1975!
Callum: …three years – that’s a long time. It’s a lot longer than we have to write a “6
Minute English” script!
Yvonne: It certainly is – that’s for sure. But then, we don’t have to write scripts that are
really that important, do we? I’ve another chilling extract for you from the
nuclear script which explains why people were being asked to stay at home…
FROM A REPORT BYMARK SANDERS
Remember, there is nothing to be gained by trying to get away. By leaving your homes you
could be exposing yourselves to greater danger.
Yvonne: So trying to ‘get away’ – to run away from home might have been even more
dangerous for people than staying inside their homes. Do you happen to know
why they said that Callum?
Callum: Well, there’d be a number of reasons. One, if there’s a nuclear attack, then
there’s a danger of radiation sickness in the air. You’d be a little safer staying at
home. But also, you know, there could be panic on the streets, the traffic would
be chaos, it would be very dangerous. So, best to stay at home – safest. That’s
what they believed.
Yvonne: That sounds sensible. Anyway, here’s something a little less frightening: the
declassified records show that one government official felt it was really, really
important for someone from the BBC, with a voice that most people knew
and trusted, should be the one to record the announcement. And this was
because the government didn’t want people to believe that the BBC had been
‘obliterated’ – totally destroyed – gone forever!
Callum: Well that just shows how important the BBC was – and of course, still is today
for many people around the world!
Yvonne: Absolutely. Now Callum – today’s big question was: When was the British
National Archives started? And your answer was…
Callum: Well I said 850 years ago – but it was just a guess.
Yvonne: Ahh – it was a good guess – you were 50 years out. It was 900 years ago.
Callum: 900 years ago. Oh dear, wrong again.
Yvonne: Never mind! Well, we hope you’ve enjoyed today’s ‘6 Minute English’. And do
join us again next time for more.
C + Y: Goodbye!