لطفا به این شش دقیقه صوت گوش نموده و همزمان متن زیر را مرور نمایید ، هر بخش را که متوجه نشدید صورت را متوقف نموده و یا به عقب برگردانید
به خاطر داشته باشید این صوت مربوط به سطح متوسط می باشد و احتمالا برای سطح ابتدایی کمی دشوار است
Yvonne: Hello, I’m Yvonne Archer, this is ‘6 Minute English’ – and thanks to William
for joining me today.
William: You’re welcome, Yvonne!
Yvonne: Now, are your hands usually warm or cold?
William: Err – you tell me…
Yvonne: Ooh, you’ve got warm hands! And that just might explain the type of person
you are. Hmmm…
William: Right, in what way?
Yvonne: I’m not telling you! In today’s report, we hear the results of some research into
whether there’s any real link between warm hands and a warm heart. But first –
today’s big question! William, what’s the world’s record for the longest time
spent by someone in full body contact in ice? Is it
a) one hour and fifteen minutes
b) one hour and thirty minutes or
c) one hour and fifty minutes
William: Umm – I don’t know. I’m going to go for a) – one hour and fifteen minutes.
Yvonne: And how long do you think you’d be able to stay in ice?
William: Umm – what, alive?!
William: I – probably about, I don’t know, twenty minutes; I’m a bit of a softy.
Yvonne: Yeah – I don’t think I could do five minutes actually. But we’ll find out
whether your answer is right or wrong at the end of the programme.
Now, we need your help with some of the language, William, that we’ll come
across in today’s report. First, we’ll hear how some people are ‘generous in their
judgements’. What does that mean?
William: Well if you’re ‘generous in your judgement’ of somebody, for example – then
your opinion of them is quite nice and quite kind. You’re generous in your
judgement of them.
Yvonne: So when I say that you’re great company here in the “6 Minute English” studio,
William, am I being generous in my judgement of you?
William: Well – you’re being honest! No – you’re being very generous in your judgement.
Yvonne: Okay. Now what are ‘volunteers’?
William: People who aren’t paid, but offer their time and their help to do something,
usually for a charity. These are ‘volunteers’. For example, I used to be a
volunteer …. . .
Yvonne: Did you?
Yvonne: Doing what?
William: I worked for the Red Cross as a volunteer for a little while.
Yvonne: Fabulous, so helping people who were ill or injured and so on?
William: Yeah – people who were in need. Yeah.
Yvonne: Excellent. Now in today’s report from the BBC’s John McGrath, we’ll hear how
volunteers were asked to judge people’s personalities. But what were the
volunteers asked to hold before they made their judgements?
They found that those who had held warm cups of coffee were more likely to be generous in
their judgements than those who had held cups of ice. In a second study, the scientists found
that the volunteers were more likely to give a gift to another person if they had warmed their
Yvonne: William, what were the volunteers asked to hold before they judged people’s
William: Well some were given warm cups of coffee to hold so their hands were warm,
while others were given cups of ice to hold.
Yvonne: Hmmm – and those people with warm hands said nicer things about the
personality of each person they judged. And in the second study – or
experiment – did you happen to catch what the volunteers with warm hands
were more likely to do?
William: Yes, they wanted to give gifts to other people, while those with cold hands
Yvonne: Aha! So next time you shake hands with someone, you might want to check
whether their hands are warm or cold. If they’re warm – there could be a gift
on its way to you!
Now as we know, the words ‘warm’ and ‘cold’ are sometimes used to describe
people – even in children’s stories. But what do we mean when we use those
William: Well, someone who is a ‘warm’ person is usually someone who’s good, kind,
giving and friendly. But someone who is a ‘cold’ person is the opposite and
might even be thought of as a bit cruel.
Yvonne: Ooh – but where did that idea come from?
The research team say that describing people as either warm or cold, taps into emotions and
experiences that date back to childhood.
Yvonne: William, John used the expression– ‘taps into emotions’ – so, ‘to tap into’. What
did he mean by that?
William: John means that describing people as ‘warm’ or ‘cold’ reminds us of feelings
and experiences from our childhood. So for example, most people think of a
mother as a warm person who’s kind and good. And that makes us see others
who are physically warm as being kind and good too.
Yvonne: Yes, but psychologists and scientists on the research team have warned us that
this isn’t always the case. We can’t always know who is good and who is bad
by checking whether their hands are warm or cold. But what we do know is
that our own behaviour and feelings can change depending on whether our own
hands are warm or cold.
William: Well that’s it! If a salesman gives me a warm cup of coffee when I go to buy
something, I won’t take it.
Yvonne: Why not?
William: Because if my hands are nice and warm, I just might buy something that I don’t
really need or want.
Yvonne: That’s good thinking! Okay, it’s time now to find out the answer to today’s big
question, William. What’s the world’s record for the longest time spent by
someone in full body contact with ice?
William: I said a) – an hour and quarter.
Yvonne: And again…
William: Again? Am I right?
Yvonne: No – no, you were wrong. Sorry. It’s actually an hour and a half. It was a man
in China. And yes, he was still alive when they took him out! But that’s all
we’ve got time for on today’s “6 Minute English” –